© 2014 UC Regents.  |  Statewide Data Snapshots are available by maternal characteristics such as race/ethnicity, income, prenatal health insurance, maternal age, and education. Researchers analyzed 1.8 million hospital birth records in Florida from 1992 to 2015 and identified the race of the doctor. Infant Mortality* by Race Los Angeles County 2000-2007 WHITE HISPANIC AFRICAN AMERICAN ASIAN/PACIFIC ISLANDER • The Healthy People 2010 objective is to reduce the infant mortality rate to no more than 4.5 per 1,000 live births. The infant mortality rate is the number of infant deaths per every 1,000 live births. Table 24. Los Angeles County, 2003 -2013 . Empowering women to attain higher educational goals will likely also improve their socioeconomic status and employment opportunities, which are major indicators of health disparities. Data from the National Vital Statistics System 1. Infant mortality by race in the United States. While the infant mortality rate in Canada has improved over the past few decades, this improvement is not equally distributed. The infant mortality rate for Los Angeles County has remained stable around 4.3 to 5.4 with an average of 4.9 infant deaths per 1,000 live births between 2003 and 2013. Phone: 916-734-9040 WHITE.  |  Legal COVID-19 Race and Ethnicity Data January 13, 2021. (2020). While infant mortality rates (IMR) decreased overall from 2007 to 2015 in California, disparities in infant death rates have increased in some groups, including among obese mothers, those who smoke and African American women, according to a new study published in PLOS One.. Infant Mortality is defined as the number of deaths in infants under one year of age per 1,000 live births. Friebert, S., & Williams, C. . For infants of non-Hispanic black women, the mortality rate ranged from 8.27 in Massachusetts to 14.… Maternal and Child Health Digital Library. LOS ANGELES COUNTY. HISPANIC. Riddell, C. A., et al. (2015). Infant mortality is often used as an indicator to measure the health and well-being of a community, because factors affecting the health of entire populations can also impact the mortality rate of infants. In 2010, the infant mortality rate for the state of California was 4.7 per 1,000 births.2 The infant mortality rate for Medi-Cal members in 2010 was slightly higher at 5.5 per 1,000.3 Infant mortality rates varied by race/ethnicity with African Americans and people classified as “Other” or “Unknown” Number of deaths among children under age 1 (e.g., in 2016, there were 2,063 deaths among California infants). The study speculates that the most effective health interventions may be social and public health initiatives that mitigate disparities in sociodemographic, economic and behavioral risks for mothers. Infants of women with bachelor’s degrees or higher were 89% less likely to die, compared to women with less than a high school education. California requires newborn screenings for potentially fatal genetic diseases, as early identification and treatment can help avert long-term health consequences and even death (1). 3. Fetal Mortality. 2. In 2010, the infant mortality rate for the state of California was 4.7 per 1,000 births.2 The infant mortality rate for Medi-Cal members in 2010 was slightly higher at 5.5 per 1,000.3 Infant mortality rates varied by race/ethnicity with African Americans and people classified as “Other” or “Unknown” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Rate per 1,000; Data Provider. A detailed summary of findings on racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality across the nation is available at CNN.com. A U.S. News & World Report best hospital in cancer, cardiology & heart surgery, ENT, geriatrics, nephrology, neurology & neurosurgery, orthopedics, pulmonology & lung surgery, and urology. Infants born to mothers under the age of 20 represented 10.9% of infant deaths. NCHS Data Brief. (2017). In 2013, African Americans comprised 7.3% (9,319) of all Definition, Source & Notes (Return to top) Definition: Number of deaths among children under age 1 per 1,000 live births, by race/ethnicity (e.g., in 2012-2016, the mortality rate among African American/black infants in California was 10.2 deaths per 1,000 births to African American/black women). It is a well-recognized indicator of the general health of the population and has been steadily declining in the United States. Supporting evidence-based, culturally-appropriate communication and social marketing strategies to educate families about ways to promote infant health, including family planning, breastfeeding, immunizations, smoking cessation, and safe sleep practices (2, 3), Ensuring that key recommendations to prevent SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths—including back sleeping, firm sleep surfaces, separate sleep surfaces for caregivers and infants, and smoking avoidance during pregnancy—reach a wide constellation of potential caregivers for infants (2, 4), Sustaining funding for substance use screening among pregnant women and for treatment designed specifically for pregnant women who use alcohol or drugs (2), Promoting research, education, and systems change aimed at reducing preterm labor and elective deliveries before 39 weeks of pregnancy (2, 3, 5), Increasing efforts to ensure that all women and infants, including those with special health care needs, receive quality medical care that is safe, timely, effective, efficient, and patient centered (2), Supporting a comprehensive approach to women's health, including integration of reproductive planning into women's routine health care, as good health before conception can improve pregnancy outcomes; this should include addressing mental/behavioral health and social support needs, as well as increasing the interval between pregnancies to at least 18 months (2, 6), Addressing underlying causes of infant mortality by focusing on social determinants of health; e.g., investing in under-resourced communities and efforts to ameliorate the effects of poverty on families during childbearing years (2), Supporting ongoing efforts to improve data systems for measuring health care access, quality, and outcomes for women and infants, as timely and accurate data are critical for informing policy and program decisions (2), Promoting collaboration across agencies and sectors at the local, state, and national levels to combine resources and expertise toward the common goal of reducing infant mortality (2). U.S. Dept. Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The study analyzed files from more than 4.5 million single births in California from 2007-2015. A U.S. News best children's hospital in neonatology, nephrology, *orthopedics, and *urology (*together with Shriners Hospitals for Children - Northern California) ». The graph will automatically update whenever data are added to kidsdata.org. (2014). Infant mortality . In 2013–2015, the infant mortality rate by state ranged from 4.28 per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts to 9.08 in Mississippi. Maternal mortality includes deaths due to a variety of causes related to pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium. Maternal mortality includes deaths due to a variety of causes related to pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium. The Healthy People 2020 Objective is to reduce the infant mortality rate to no more than 6.0 per 1,000 live births. The goal of this study was to better clarify the maternal and infant predictors of infant deaths in California. Some of the leading causes of infant mortality—e.g., birth defects, preterm birth, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)—are preventable and can be addressed through public policy. The age-adjusted death rate for Hispanic adults aged 25 and over declined 21% from 2000 (995.1 per 100,000 standard population) through 2017 (784.4). 3. NCHS Data Brief. Mathews, T. J., et al. Researchers analyzed 1.8 million hospital birth records in Florida from 1992 to 2015 and identified the race of the doctor. Though infant mortality rates are 40 percent lower than they were 60 years ago, racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality rates persist.3 The purpose of this analysis is to identify states within the U.S. where infant deaths are In 2017, the infant mortality rate for Puerto Ricans was 40 percent higher than for non-Hispanic whites.  |  . California Dept. African-American women are roughly four times more likely to die from pregnancy-related causes than women in all other racial/ethnic groups. Infant and Youth Mortality Trends by Race/Ethnicity and Cause of Death in the United States, Infant Mortality and Pregnancy Loss: Professional Resource Guide, Infant Mortality by Age at Death in the United States, 2016, International Comparisons of Infant Mortality and Related Factors: United States and Europe, 2010, Lack of Change in Perinatal Mortality in the United States, 2014–2016, NHPCO's Facts and Figures: Pediatric Palliative and Hospice Care in America, Opportunities and Strategies for Improving Preconception Health Through Health Reform: Advancing Collective Impact for Improved Health Outcomes, Preconception Care: Maximizing the Gains for Maternal and Child Health, Report of the Secretary’s Advisory Committee on Infant Mortality: Recommendations for HHS Action and Framework for a National Strategy, State Variations in Infant Mortality by Race and Hispanic Origin of Mother, 2013–2015, Trends in Differences in U.S. Mortality Rates Between Black and White Infants, Trends in Infant Mortality in the United States, 2005–2014, Annual Report on the Conditions of Children in Orange County, Community Health Improvement Plan for Los Angeles County 2015-2020, Live Well San Diego Report Card on Children, Families, and Community, 2019, Santa Clara County Public Health Department: Open Data Portal, Child Trends Databank: Infant, Child, and Teen Mortality, Health, United States, 2018 – Data Finder, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). Mothers over the age of 40 were associated with 5.6% of the total cases of infant deaths. The infant mortality rate for Medi-Cal members in 2010 was slightly higher at 5.5 per 1,000. infant mortality rate in the U.S. is two times higher for blacks than for whites. (2013). The graph above shows maternal mortality by race. • The infant mortality rate for Los Angeles County has Visit our Kidsdata News archive for examples. Kidsdata.org provides the following measures of infant mortality at the county level: *Cause of death data are provided for the five leading causes of infant death statewide for the most recent year; leading causes for other geographies or time periods may differ. "Deaths: Final Data for 2006", Vol 57, No. Rates not shown for counties with less than 5 infant deaths Source: 2013 Birth and Death Statistical Master Files Prepared by: California Department of Public Health, Center for Family Health, Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health Program In 2018, both race-specific Florida IMRs for Black and White infants were also historically low, but the IMR for Black infants was still 2.6 times higher than the IMR for White infants at 11.26 and 4.29 infant The study analyzed data from the Birth Statistical Master Files in California, compiled by the California Department of Public Health (CDPH). Three quarters of the hospitals in California participated in the learning groups. . Infant mortality is often used as an indicator to measure the health and well-being of a community, because factors affecting the health of entire populations can also impact the mortality rate of infants. (2017). Fetal Mortality Infant Mortality (based on separate death and birth files) Table 25. “Our study showed that taking steps to reduce infant mortality is likely to have a spillover effect on improving the overall health of the population in generations to come.”. . HP 2020 OBJECTIVE The Healthy People 2020 Objective is to reduce the infant mortality rate to no more than 6.0 per 1,000 live births. The IMR reflects broad socioeconomic conditions, the educational status of the population, maternal behaviors and the quality and accessibility of medical services. Infant Mortality*1 by Race/Ethnicity . For infants of Hispanic women, the mortality rate varied from 3.94 in Iowa to 7.28 in Michigan. 14, April 2009; and National Center for Health Statistics, historical data. (2019). JAMA Pediatrics. . Age-adjusted death rates for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black adults aged 25 and over declined from 2000 to 2011–2012, but remained stable through 2017. 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